Overview of Common Eye Diseases

The eyes function as the guardian of our physical health. Without them, we are unable to see what’s under our eyes. It has become widely accepted knowledge that the eyes do not become great individually each day. However, this might not be true. Diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and macular degeneration are responsible for some of the most common eye diseases. This article will provide you with a look at these common eye diseases, their causes, and treatment options.


Glaucoma is an eye condition that is mainly the result of glaucoma glaucoma occurs when fluid in the optic nerve gradually forms blood vessels throughout the optic nerve. In some cases, the optic nerve comes into contact with the optic nerve protein which results in retinal degeneration. Retinal degeneration in the eye can be caused by damage from infected eye tissues. Scientists now know that glaucoma progresses over a couple of years in humans.

Glaucoma diseases have two main causes. The first one is ocular AMD (open-angle glaucoma). An old one is directly related to the aging process. Ocular glaucoma is most likely to be found in people who are at greater risk for a life-threatening bone disease (spondyloarthritis). People with this type of degenerative macular degeneration usually have thin subcortical blood vessels around the optic nerve. These damaged vessels come into contact with the stem cells of the optic nerve which causes nerve degeneration that leads to optic nerve degeneration. Researchers have shown that patients with glaucoma had elevated inflammatory factors in the eye. In addition, people with glaucoma have the low levels of myoglobin. Myoglobin is a protein responsible for maintaining water balance in the blood.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an eye disease that occurs when people with diabetes continue to lose weight. People with diabetes often have a poor diet. To name a few, people typically eat mainly carbohydrates, fats, and/or sugars. Diabetic retinopathy causes a change in glucose balance and brain (liver) metabolism due to changes in glucose transport and change in insulin activity. Retinopathy can cause blurry vision and pain in the eye.

Updating eye medication from before to now are two of the simplest ways to treat diabetic retinopathy. Insulin glargine might be helpful because it regulates blood sugar balance. The doctor should not cause patients with diabetic retinopathy to start medication right away. Because diabetic retinopathy may not be caught early, people need to take it slowly. Also, patients should not stop their medication suddenly because there is a higher risk of stroke and gastrointestinal bleeding. Diabetes can cause reversible glaucoma. Retinopathy is, therefore, dangerous because it destroys your eyes for the rest of your life.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is the leading cause of blindness in adults of the age group 40 to 60 years old. There are two types of macular degeneration; clear glaucoma and diffuse glaucoma.

If left untreated, macular degeneration results in severe vision loss and blindness. In approximately 70 percent of cases, sight loss is reversible.

Macular degeneration is the cause of over 2 million blindness worldwide today. However, macular degeneration is often curable. Removal of neovascular lesions, i.e., oval branch macular degeneration, is the best treatment for Macular degeneration. Angelarctica is a good drug that kills macular degeneration cells in the eye. However, macular degeneration is most common in people who had low blood pressure prior to macular degeneration. Older patients with pacemaker and poor kidney function are at a higher risk of poor vision and blindness.

Negative eye tests or studies might indicate Eye diseases. However, more studies and research is necessary. Eye examinations and tests are helpful when trying to find the cause of eye diseases. Immunodeficiency testing helps provide immediate resolution. Eye exams are a great way to provide initial confidence in what type of eye disease you might have.

As for treatment of eye diseases, therapeutic eye injection called anti-PDGFRA (anti-PDGFRA is a drug with benefits in many eye diseases) is effective. Active Optical Retinoid Cartridges are other great and efficient drugs. Continued long term treatment of eye diseases are when eye lasers are used. Laser therapy aims to stop macular degeneration from the eye to the tissues surrounding the macula which helps to preserve the retina and macular anatomy. Treatment of eye diseases is the best way to deal with eye diseases because once the eye gets better, a steady recovery of eye tissue occurs.

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